Landscapes and Geology
Himalayas and Shiwaliks
Mountains offer a first-class range of habitats due to variation in altitude, relief, and temperature. As a result, mountain plant and animal communities have distinctive characteristics. Corbett countrywide Park is characteristic of the Himalayan mountain method. Corbett's northern areas are lined with the aid of the Lesser Himalayan chain, which extends from Pakistan, via Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal, Uttaranchal, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, and to Arunachal.
The Lesser Himalayas are quite excessive, with an typical altitude of 1800 m and are made up of crystalline rocks. The vegetation includes cold-climate tree species like pine, oak, and rhododendron. The woodland rest residence at Kanda at 1300 m is the absolute best point in the Park and is representative of the Lesser Himalayas. Nevertheless, many of the Park lies in the Outer-Himalayan or Shiwalik region. The Shiwaliks are the southernmost of the Himalayan degrees and are so much reduce than the Lesser Himalayas. They're formed of sedimentary rocks and are as a result crumbly and unstable. The Shiwaliks kind the largest ridge throughout the park, going for walks east to west from Dhangarhi to Kalagarh. These ridges are clothed by using sal forests and different buddies.
Between the Himalayan and Shiwalik mountain levels lie elongated valleys called duns. In contrast to average river valleys, duns are formed no longer because of erosion however have a structural starting place. They're covered with boulders and gravel originating from the erosion of the Himalayas and the Shiwalik uplands. One such dun happens within the northern half of Corbett. That is the Patli Dun and is most obvious from Dhikala. Kanda, being bigger in the Park, offers a panoramic view of this valley.
The southern boundary of Corbett flanks the ecologically important terai-bhabar area, a strip of land skirting the southern part of the Shiwaliks. It includes the bhabar region, a slim belt of sloping land located at the outer margin of Shiwaliks, and the terai swamplands that lie extra south of bhabar. The bhabar tract is porous due to the fact it consists typically of gravel and boulders. It is devoid of streams or springs and water table is fairly low. In distinction, the terai is swampy and humid, and involves many springs and gradual-flowing streams. Lots of the terai as soon as held dense vegetation and was once feared for malaria. It has been cleared for agriculture and is without doubt one of the most fertile grain production areas of India. Together, the Terai-bhabar is a exact ecological area, house to endangered flora and fauna such as the tiger, rhino, elephant, sloth undergo, and vital habitat for for over 500 hen species.